Table of Elements, Valence Electrons, and Mole Conversions

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The periodic table is the most important chemistry reference there is. It arranges all the known elements in an informative array. Elements are arranged left to right and top to bottom in order of increasing atomic number. Order generally coincides with increasing atomic mass.
The different rows of elements are called periods. The period number of an element signifies the highest energy level an electron in that element occupies (in the unexcited state). The number of electrons in a period increases as one traverses down the periodic table; therefore, as the energy level of the atom increases, the number of energy sub-levels per energy level increases.
Using the data in the table scientists, students, and others that are familiar with the periodic table can extract information concerning individual elements. For instance, a scientist can use carbon's atomic mass to determine how many carbon atoms there are in a 1 kilogram block of carbon.
People also gain information from the periodic table by looking at how it is put together. By examining an element's position on the periodic table, one can infer the electron configuration. Elements that lie in the same column on the periodic table (called a "group") have identical valance electron configurationsand consequently behave in a similar fashion chemically. For instance, all the group 18 elements are inert gases. The periodic table contains an enormous amount of important information. People familiar with how the table is put together can quickly determine a significant amount of information about an element.
http://periodic.lanl.gov/about.shtml

Applications to energy operations:

The periodic table can be used with the process and power sides energy operations. The information on the table can be useful to find information about the elements being used to produce bio-fuels or to find out how conductive an element is for example.

Valence Electronics:

An atom's outermost electron-occupied shell is referred to as the valence shell or ting, and electrons in this shell are termed valence electrons. Due to their distance from the nucleus, valence electrons are described as being loosely bound to the atom. These electrons can easily be dislodged from their outer orbital shell by any external force to become a free electron. ( Cook, Nigel P. Introductory DC/AC circuits/ Nigel P. Cook.--6th ed.)

Applications to energy operations:

This idea can be very useful to the power side of energy operations. By determining the number of valence electrons you can determine how good of a conductor an element is.

Mole Conversions:

http://misterguch.brinkster.net/molchart.jpg
http://misterguch.brinkster.net/molchart.jpg

Applications to energy operations:

This technique applies to the energy operations process field by giving people a way to convert on a small level when dealing with specific elements.